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Risk for Infection – Dermatitis

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Risk for Infection – Dermatitis Nursing Care Plans

Common Risk Factors
Impaired skin integrity Severe inflammation Excoriation
Common Expected Outcome Patient remains free of secondary infection. NOC OutcomesRisk Detection; Risk Control; Tissue Integrity: Skin and Mucous MembranesNIC Interventions Skin Surveillance; Infection Control; Infection Protection

Ongoing Assessment

Actions/Interventions Rationale
Assess skin for severity of skin integrity compromise. The skin is the body’s first line of defense against infection. Disruption of the integrity of skin increases the patient’s risk of developing an infection or of scarring.
Assess for signs of infection. Patients with dermatitis are at highest risk for developing skin infections caused byStaphylococcus aureus. Purulent drainage from skin lesions indicates infection. With severe infections, the patient may have an elevated temperature.

Therapeutic Interventions

Actions/Interventions Rationale
Apply topical antibiotics. Topical antibiotics may be used to treat infections that occur with dermatitis.
Administer oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics may be more effective in treating infections on the skin.
Encourage the patient to use appropriate hygiene methods. Keeping the skin clean, dry, and well lubricated reduces skin trauma and risk of infection.